What are the types of parking studies and what value does each provide?

1 year ago by in Parking Studies, Planning

There are many types of parking studies that can be valuable to improving the parking situation in community. It is often easy to overlook the preliminary steps needed to make a neighborhood, campus, or development a success. Countless details must be considered before design and development, and parking is a critical component that provides infrastructure to support it. Understanding these issues as a whole is an essential part of developing a successful project. The following are some of the most important, and common, types of parking studies:

Supply / Demand

  • Analyze current parking conditions and determine if they are sufficient to support growth and development
  • Examine parking supply and anticipate future shortages
  • Assess the ability of an existing  supply to meet existing peak demand
  • Project future demand
  • Identify future deficit or surplus
  • Develop parking demand ratios to calculate current and future parking demand

Financial Feasibility

  • Determine the cost to add and operate new parking
  • Predict types of parking revenue
  • Assess proposed rates and market value
  • Determine whether the parking facility will be self-supporting
  • Establish fee structures, annual growth rates, and revenues
  • Identify user types and rates, turnover, and hours of operation

Shared Analysis

  • Identify actual parking demand and user characteristics to mitigate cumulative parking demand
  • Analyze land uses including total square footages by land use, tenant mix, number of units, etc.
  • Identify reductions in parking per unit of land use as a result of individuals patronizing more than one destination on a single trip
  • Estimate potential vehicular occupancy of residential, restaurant, retail, and commercial uses
  • Conduct a shared parking analysis and make recommendations for opportunities to

reduce the parking development

  • Assist in the presentation of the shared parking analysis and data to obtain land use  approvals

Site Feasibility

  • Review current local codes and ordinances
  • Develop parking structure layouts
  • Recommend the most cost-effective options to increase parking supply
  • Investigate ways to reallocate parking supply to better accommodate user needs
  • Incorporate needs of individual users into analysis of the sites and design concepts

Operational Analysis

  • Assess current operations procedures and recommend improvements
  • Assess new parking operational and management initiatives
  • Evaluate alternative options, i.e. shuttle, valet, and long-term parking
  • Analyze pedestrian and vehicular circulation for improvement and potential conflicts
  • Evaluate and recommend alternative parking management practices
  • Analyze parking rate structures for on-street, off-street, and residential parking